Performing CURD operations using Web API - Part 2

Posted by Anuraj on Sunday, September 1, 2013

.Net ASP.Net Entity Framework Web API

In the last post we implemented CRUD operations with Web API. According to HTTP method definitions, all the HTTP requests should return a HTTP response, which consists of

  • Status Line
  • Response Headers
  • Response Message Body (optional)

So we can rewrite all these methods with HttpResponseMessage class,this class help to create HTTP response message including the status code and data. You can use Request property exposed by APIController to create HttpResponseMessage.

So you can re-write the Get method like this.

public HttpResponseMessage Get()
{
    using (DataContext dataContext = new DataContext())
    {
        return Request.CreateResponse<IEnumerable<Employee>>
            (HttpStatusCode.OK, dataContext.Employees.ToList());
    }
}

If you look at the response, you can see the response code is 200.

Here is the curl request to invoke the Get method.

curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" http://localhost:56103/api/employee

And here is the response.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Cache-Control: no-cache
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Expires: -1
Server: Microsoft-IIS/8.0
X-AspNet-Version: 4.0.30319
X-SourceFiles: =?UTF-8?B?YzpcdXNlcnNcYW51cmFqXGRvY3VtZW50c1x2aXN1YWwgc3R1Z
GlvIDIwMTJcUHJvamVjdHNcV2ViQVBJSGVsbG9Xb3JsZFxXZWJBUElIZWxsb1dvcmxkXGFwaVxlbXBsb3llZQ==?=
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
Date: Sun, 01 Sep 2013 06:05:18 GMT
Content-Length: 89

[{"Id":1,"Name":"Employee1","Email":"employee1@dotnetthoughts.net","Phone":"0013456732"}]

And to get a selected employee, you can send Get Request with Id. Here is the service implementation.

public HttpResponseMessage Get(int id)
{
    using (DataContext dataContext = new DataContext())
    {
        var selectedEmployee = dataContext.Employees.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == id);
        if (null != selectedEmployee)
        {
            return Request.CreateResponse<Employee>(HttpStatusCode.OK, selectedEmployee);
        }
        else
        {
            return Request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound, "Employee not found");
        }
    }
}

And here is curl request.

curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" http://localhost:56103/api/employee/1

Response will be similar to the GET request without the Id. It will be 404 Not Found, if you send a request with a no existing Id, like 100. Here is the error response, which contains status code 404 Not Found and Error Message we provided while creating the error response.

HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
Cache-Control: no-cache
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Expires: -1
Server: Microsoft-IIS/8.0
X-AspNet-Version: 4.0.30319
X-SourceFiles: =?UTF-8?B?YzpcdXNlcnNcYW51cmFqXGRvY3VtZW50c1x2aXN1YWwgc3R1ZGlvIDIwMTJcUHJv
amVjdHNcV2ViQVBJSGVsbG9Xb3JsZFxXZWJBUElIZWxsb1dvcmxkXGFwaVxlbXBsb3llZVwxMDA=?=
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
Date: Sun, 01 Sep 2013 06:52:37 GMT
Content-Length: 32

{"Message":"Employee not found"}

For POST request, according to HTTP method definitions - “if a resource has been created on the origin server, the response SHOULD be 201 (Created) and contain an entity which describes the status of the request and refers to the new resource, and a Location header”. And here is the implementation, which will insert the entity and returns the response with Entity and location.

public HttpResponseMessage Post(Employee employee)
{
    using (DataContext dataContext = new DataContext())
    {
        dataContext.Employees.Add(employee);
        dataContext.SaveChanges();
        var response = Request.CreateResponse<Employee>
            (HttpStatusCode.Created, employee);
        response.Headers.Location =
            new Uri(Url.Link("DefaultApi", new { id = employee.Id }));

        return response;
    }
}

Here is the POST request.

curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" -X POST -d "Name=Employee34&Email=employee34@server.com&Phone=01293902902"  http://localhost:56103/api/employee

Response from Web API.

HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Cache-Control: no-cache
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Expires: -1
Location: http://localhost:56103/api/employee/4
Server: Microsoft-IIS/8.0
X-AspNet-Version: 4.0.30319
X-SourceFiles: =?UTF-8?B?YzpcdXNlcnNcYW51cmFqXGRvY3VtZW50c1x2aXN1YWwgc3R1ZGlvIDIwMTJcUHJvamVjd
HNcV2ViQVBJSGVsbG9Xb3JsZFxXZWJBUElIZWxsb1dvcmxkXGFwaVxlbXBsb3llZQ==?=
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
Date: Sun, 01 Sep 2013 07:01:58 GMT
Content-Length: 82

{"Id":4,"Name":"Employee34","Email":"employee34@server.com","Phone":"01293902902"}

You can see the status code 201 Created. Response also contains the location of the newly created resource and created entity. Similar to POST you can re-write PUT and DELETE requests also. For both PUT and DELETE requests, responses is similar.

public HttpResponseMessage Put(int id, Employee employee)
{
    using (DataContext dataContext = new DataContext())
    {
        var selectedEmployee = dataContext.Employees.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == id);
        if (null != selectedEmployee)
        {
            selectedEmployee.Name = employee.Name;
            selectedEmployee.Email = employee.Email;
            selectedEmployee.Phone = employee.Phone;
            dataContext.SaveChanges();
            var response = Request.CreateResponse(HttpStatusCode.OK);
            response.Headers.Location =
                new Uri(Url.Link("DefaultApi", new { id = id }));
            return response;
        }
        else
        {
            return Request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound,
                "Employee not found with requested id");
        }
    }
}

public HttpResponseMessage Delete(int id)
{
    using (DataContext dataContext = new DataContext())
    {
        var selectedEmployee = dataContext.Employees.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == id);
        if (null != selectedEmployee)
        {
            dataContext.Employees.Remove(selectedEmployee);
            dataContext.SaveChanges();
            var response = Request.CreateResponse(HttpStatusCode.OK);
            return response;
        }
        else
        {
            return Request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound,
                "Employee not found with requested id");
        }
    }
}

Happy Programming.



Did you like this article? Share it with your friends

Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn Reddit StumbleUpon



MVP
Subscribe
Archives


Copyright © 2017 - Anuraj P. Blog content licensed under the Creative Commons CC BY 2.5 | Unless otherwise stated or granted, code samples licensed under the MIT license. This is a personal blog. The opinions expressed here represent my own and not those of my employer. Hosted with ❤ by GitHub