Initialize MS SQL Server in Docker container - creating database at startup

Posted by Anuraj on Monday, September 7, 2020 Reading time :3 minutes

SQLServer Docker

Few days back I wrote a blog post about initializing SQL Server while running a docker-compose command. In that implementation I was using another docker image to run the migrations. In this post I am creating a dockerfile, some shell scripts and the SQL Script file which will create the database while running the docker-compose up command.

If you inspect the SQL Server docker image with the help of docker inspect command (docker inspect mcr.microsoft.com/mssql/server:2019-latest | Select-String -Pattern 'CMD' -CaseSensitive -SimpleMatch) you will be able to see the launch command for SQL Server executable like this - "CMD [\"/opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr\"]" I am running the command against SQL Server 2019 and using powershell - this command will launch the SQL Server instance when we run the SQL Server docker container.

So here is the dockerfile I have created - we will explore each step in detail.

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/mssql/server:2019-latest

USER root

COPY setup.sql setup.sql
COPY import-data.sh import-data.sh
COPY entrypoint.sh entrypoint.sh

RUN chmod +x entrypoint.sh

CMD /bin/bash ./entrypoint.sh

First I need a base image - I am using the SQL Server 2019 image. Next I am switching to root user - This step is required for setting the executable permission for the entrypoint.sh script file. Next I am copying the setup.sql - for this demo I have created one file, you can use multiple SQL files or use the file generated using database migrations.

CREATE DATABASE TodoDb;
GO

USE TodoDb;
GO

CREATE TABLE TodoItems
(
    Id INT IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY,
    Description NVARCHAR(MAX) NOT NULL,
    IsCompleted BIT DEFAULT(0),
    CreatedOn DATETIME DEFAULT(GETUTCDATE())
)

Next I am copying the import-data.sh - this script file is responsible for executing the SQL file in the SQL Server.

for i in {1..50};
do
    /opt/mssql-tools/bin/sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa -P Password@12345 -d master -i setup.sql
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]
    then
        echo "setup.sql completed"
        break
    else
        echo "not ready yet..."
        sleep 1
    fi
done

In this script I am running the SQLCMD command in a loop and if it is successfully completed, stops the execution. You can use Sleep command as well - but this is recommended than sleep command. Next I am copying the entrypoint.sh shell script - in this file we are executing the import-data.sh shell script and starting the SQL Server. The password used in the script is same as the password we are providing while running the docker-compose file or docker run command.

./import-data.sh & /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr

Next we are making the entrypoint.sh as executable file using the chmod command. And finally we are running the entrypoint.sh - which will execute the import-data.sh shell script and later run the SQL Server. You need to make sure the commands are in order - in the sample repo provided in the official documentation the order of the commands is different which may not work as expected. In the sample it is working because the container running a NodeJS server.

Lets run the container, I have created the file with the name Db.Dockerfile and running using the command - docker build -t anuraj/todosql --file .\Db.Dockerfile ., and here is the output.

Creating the SQL Server Docker image with database

This will create the SQL Server image with the files and you can run the container with following command - docker run -e 'ACCEPT_EULA=Y' -e 'SA_PASSWORD=Password@12345' -p 14331:1433 -d anuraj/todosql. We can connect to the SQL Server using Sql Management studio and verify whether the database is created.

SQL Server Management studio connecting to SQL Server docker container

Using this way we can create a SQL Server docker images with Database initialization. We can use this image in docker-compose.yml file and deploy the app to azure web app or any other cloud provider which supports docker-compose file.

Happy Programming :)

What do you think? I would like to hear your thoughts, suggestions, and questions in the comments section below.


Similar Posts


Did you like this article? Share it with your friends

Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn Reddit StumbleUpon



Translate
Subscribe
BMC logoBuy me a coffee


Copyright © 2020 - Anuraj P. Blog content licensed under the Creative Commons CC BY 2.5 | Unless otherwise stated or granted, code samples licensed under the MIT license. This is a personal blog. The opinions expressed here represent my own and not those of my employer. Hosted with ❤ by GitHub